This volume examines twentieth-century Russian woman saints’ lives and deeds. In particular, the author differentiates between official and non-official literary and visual representations, and points to the contiguity between the imagery of neo-hagiographical hero and the Soviet-era positive hero. Both of these canonical heroes provide models for private and public emulation, and their function is strongly linked with political and patriotic issues. The author suggests a typology of three kinds of female martyrs and confessors: a modern saintly princess, a blessed eldress, and an émigré intellectual.Elina Kahla studied Russian culture, art and literature at Helsinki University. She has translated Russian authors’ works into Finnish (e.g. by Marina Tsvetaeva and Liudmila Ulitskaia) and has published essays. She is currently a researcher and publications manager at the Aleksanteri Institute.